What's on Wikipedia about Lighters


Wikipedia.com
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A typical lighter sparked and lit
A typical lighter sparked and lit

A lighter is a portable device used to create a flame. It consists of a metal or plastic container filled with lighter fluid (usually naphtha or liquid butane under pressure), as well as a means of ignition and some provision for extinguishing the flame, by depriving it of either air or fuel.

Lighters using naphtha have a wick which is immersed in the fluid and becomes saturated. This type usually has a fiber packing material which absorbs the liquid to keep it from leaking. They also must have an enclosed top to prevent the volatile liquid from evaporating, and to conveniently extinguish the flame. Butane lighters have a valved orifice that meters the butane as it escapes as a gas.

A spark is created by striking metal against a flint, or by pressing a button that compresses a piezoelectric crystal, generating a voltaic arc (see Piezo ignition). In naphtha lighters the liquid is volatile enough that flammable gas is present as soon as the top of the lighter is opened. Butane lighters combine the striking action with the opening of the valve to release gas. The spark ignites the flammable gas causing a flame to come out of the lighter which continues until either the top is closed (naphtha type), or the valve is released (butane type).

A metal enclosure with air holes generally surrounds the flame, and is designed to allow mixing of fuel and air while making the lighter less sensitive to wind. The high energy jet in butane lighters allows mixing to be accomplished by using Bernoulli's principle, so that the air hole(s) in this type tend to be much smaller and farther from the flame.


History

The first lighter, Döbereiner's lamp, was invented by Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner in 1823. It stayed in production until 1880.The first "match" was created in 1805. The first friction match, which can be ignited on virtually any surface (i.e. fabric) was created in 1827, 4 years after the lighter. [1]




They have a few pictures of lighters on Wikipedia.

5 comments:

Anonymous said...

Good Morning!!! www.lightersville.com is one of the best resourceful websites of its kind. I enjoy reading it every day. www.lightersville.com rocks!

chenlina said...

chenlina20151215
beats by dre
michaek kors outlet
coach outlet online
ugg clearance
ugg outlet
ray bans
ugg boots sale
gucci shoes
uggs on sale
uggs outlet
coach factory outlet online
oakley sunglasses
ugg boots on sale
jordan concords
gucci handbags
ray ban outlet store
michael kors outlet
cheap uggs
the north face outlet
ray ban sunglasses outlet
celine handbags
louboutin pas cher
timberland outlet
michael kors outlet online
oakley sunglasses
uggs outlet
abercrombie kids
oakley sunglasses
cheap jordans
cheap uggs
michael kors outlet clearance
toms wedges
jordans for sale
christian louboutin outlet
true religion outlet
prada handbags
p90x
michael kors handbags
michael kors bag
jordan 11s
as

Unknown said...

cheap michael kors handbags
new york jets jerseys
michael kors outlet online
michael kors handbags clearance
chicago bulls
cheap jordan shoes
replica watches
kobe 9 elite
baltimore ravens jerseys
chaussure louboutin

shengda xu said...

longchamp handbags
49ers jerseys
ralph lauren outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
sac louis vuitton pas cher
coach factory outlet online
adidas superstars
coach outlet store online
coach factory outlet online
michael kors outlet store
xushengda0330

Jian Zhuo said...

michael kors
air max 90
coach factory outlet online
michael kors
gucci
pandora bracelet
dansko sale
giuseppe shoes
gucci borse
hermes bags
170623yueqin